Numerous factors play into the causes of hair loss, also called Alopecia or Baldness, with the main classifications Androgenic Alopecia of either “Male-pattern hair loss” or “female pattern hair loss”. Specific contributors that stimulate hair loss include genetics, environmental conditions, medications, and nutrition. In this article, we’re going to discuss the basics of classification, and common treatments of these main conditions.
It’s important to find out the causes of your hair loss before considering any type of treatment. In addition to Androgenic Alopecia, there are several other causes such Alopecia Areata that all have different causes and treatments. Below is a list of common classifications and findings of the most common cause of hair loss for both male and female.
Male Pattern Hair Loss (MPHL):
MPHL has been linked to both increased concentrations of dihydrotestosterone (DHT), genetics, and advanced age. A significant correlation between MPHL and decreased DHT levels are typical. The presentation of hair loss is commonly found as a receding hairline, and/or on the top and front of the head. MPHL is estimated to occur in up to 50% of men older than 40.
Female Pattern Hair Loss (FPHL):
Female Pattern Hair Loss causes are similar to men; however, the pathophysiology has been studied less than men. The presentation of FPHL includes diffuse thinning over the top of the scalp, similar to a “Christmas tree pattern”, but typically the hairline is spared.
There are several modalities of treating Androgenic Alopecia, all of which revolve around an inhibitor of some sort that can significantly decrease the rate of decline. Whether it be eliminating/changing medications, adding a pharmacological agent, PRP, stem cell therapy, laser treatment, or nutritional therapy; you can start your change today.
- Minoxidil – FDA Approved Treatment.
- Finasteride – FDA Approved Treatment.
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP)
By utilizing a sample of your blood (15-20mL) a high platelet concentration is extracted containing a large concentration of growth hormones to stimulate blood flow, cell growth, and tissue regeneration. This is currently a non-FDA approved treatment, however, small studies have shown promising results on numerous accounts.
Stem Cell Therapy
A 2015 study of 60 females that self-rated themselves as having a poor diet, hormonal influences or abnormal menstrual cycles were split tested with the supplement called Viviscal Extra Strength. After 90 days, participants who took this supplement twice a day had results of significant increases in terminal hairs and a significant decrease of shedding. This supplement contains a concentration of vitamin C, niacin, biotin, iron, zinc, shark/mollusk power, horsetail extract, and millet seed.